Don't invest unless you're prepared to lose all the money you invest. This is a high-risk investment and you are unlikely to be protected if something goes wrong.
Risk Summary

Estimated reading time: 2 min

Due to the potential for losses, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) considers this investment to be high risk.

What are the key risks?

  • You could lose all the money you invest
  • Most investments are shares in start-up businesses or bonds issued by them. Investors in these shares or bonds often lose 100% of the money they invested, as most start-up businesses fail.
  • Checks on the businesses you are investing in, such as how well they are expected to perform, may not have been carried out by the platform you are investing through. You should do your own research before investing.

You won't get your money back quickly

  • Even if the business you invest in is successful, it will likely take several years to get your money back.
  • The most likely way to get your money back is if the business is bought by another business or lists its shares on an exchange such as the London Stock Exchange. These events are not common.
  • Start-up businesses very rarely pay you back through dividends. You should not expect to get your money back this way.
  • Some platforms may give you the opportunity to sell your investment early through a 'secondary market' or 'bulletin board', but there is no guarantee you will find a buyer at the price you are willing to sell.

Don't put all your eggs in one basket

  • Putting all your money into a single business or type of investment for example, is risky. Spreading your money across different investments makes you less dependent on any one to do well. A good rule of thumb is not to invest more than 10% of your money in high-risk investments. Learn more here.

The value of your investment can be reduced

  • If your investment is shares, the percentage of the business that you own will decrease if the business issues more shares. This could mean that the value of your investment reduces, depending on how much the business grows. Most start-up businesses issue multiple rounds of shares.
  • These new shares could have additional rights that your shares don't have, such as the right to receive a fixed dividend, which could further reduce your chances of getting a return on your investment.

You are unlikely to be protected if something goes wrong

  • Protection from the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS), in relation to claims against failed regulated firms, does not cover poor investment performance. Try the FSCS investment protection checker.
  • Protection from the Financial Ombudsman Service (FOS) does not cover poor investment performance. If you have a complaint against an FCA-regulated platform, FOS may be able to consider it. Learn more about FOS protection here.

If you are interested in learning more about how to protect yourself, visit the FCA's website here.

For further information about investment-based crowdfunding, visit the crowdfunding section of the FCA's website here.

Industry Insights

Celebrities and impact investing. It's time to pay attention.

Non-profit making company has recently completed a US$11m impact investing pilot project and has already secured US33m in a new fund which it hopes will reach US$50m.

It has formed a new entity to provide investment capital to microfinance companies that provide loans to low-income consumers at affordable rates for water, sanitation and hygiene upgrades in their homes.

This is notable in itself, as a good example of a typical impact investment initiative, to fund projects or businesses which have a positive social effect.

But what’s particularly striking is that was the result of a merger in 2009 of Water Partners and The H20 Africa Foundation. The latter, an NGO formed to raise awareness about clean water initiatives in Africa, was founded not by some philanthropically minded hedge fund manager, but by Hollywood star Matt Damon.

And he is by no means the only showbiz giant to move into impact investing.

Leornado DiCaprio, for example, is building a pioneering, sustainable resort on a private island off the coat of Belize, with a focus on restoring the island’s natural resources. It features homes and villas built with sustainable and local materials and renewable energy, electric vehicles and innovative water and waste treatment systems.

One of the most successful celebrity impact investors, however, is US actress Jessica Alba, who co-founded ethical skin care firm Honest in 2011. The company is now valued at more than US$1bn. Alba has also invested in mindfulness app Headspace and Honor senior home care. She is ranked as one of the US’s richest self-made women.

She wants her money to make an impact and is quoted by Forbes magazine as saying:

"If we really want to make a difference in the world and people's health, it's billions and billions of dollars, not just one."

This is significant for a number of reasons, not least because of the age of these celebrity investors: Matt Damon was born in 1970, Leonard DiCaprio in 1974, and Jessica Alba in 1981. This puts them in the so-called Millennial and Generation X categories – an important demographic driving impact investing.

Younger people always tend to be more idealistic, wanting to make a difference and change the world for the better. What’s changed is that so many more of them have the financial means to do that - as well as the knowledge.

The internet and advances in fintech have brought wider investment opportunities and greater control over their own investment decisions at the same time as it has done away with much of the mystique surrounding investments. It has also given them an immensely powerful research tool, allowing them to inform themselves on social issues and to explore which businesses are truly doing something to address them.

Read more: what are the UN's three guiding principles of impact investing?

Their involvement in impact investing is likely to snowball. In a white paper 'Mobilizing Private Wealth for Public Good', multinational investment bank UBS points out that globally, over the next 20 years, some 460 billionaires will be leaving US$2.1trn to their heirs and impact investing is especially popular with millennials.

And in a report 'Investor Motivations for Impact: a behavioural examination', Barclays Bank found that millennials are the most active age group when it comes to impact investing. It took data collected for research from 2015 with approximately 2,000 investors and data collected in 2017 by the Advisory Group to the UK Government from 1,000 UK investors.

This revealed that, in 2017, 43% of respondents under 40 had made an impact investment, compared to 9% of those aged 50-59, and only 3% for those aged over 60. In 2015, 30% of respondents under 40 had made an impact investment, rising to 43% in 2017. This 43% compares to 9% of those aged 50-59, and 3% for those aged over 60.

As the Barclays report puts it:

“At the same time, they’re set to benefit from a significant intergenerational wealth transfer from Baby Boomers (those currently aged approximately 55-78), and so it’s no wonder they’re receiving so much attention: they have the potential to completely re-shape the wealth and investment management industry.’’

The celebrities who are now putting their money into impact investments are representative of these generations. More than that, they constitute a powerful role model and will encourage thousands – maybe millions – more younger investors, who are far from being millionaires, to also invest for impact.

But there is another reason why the participation of celebrities should make us sit up and take notice. These people were extremely wealthy before they made impact investments and so they will have had access to some of the most sophisticated financial advice that money can buy. Sure, they are driven by philanthropic concerns, but they also want to protect their wealth and it will have been pointed out to them that impact investments are good for the bank balance as well as the conscience.

Read more: Is impact investing only for millennials?

The evidence increasingly shows that impact investments can give returns which equal, or even exceed, those which are available from non-impact investments.

For example, a survey by the Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN) and JPMorgan has found that 55% of impact investment opportunities result in competitive, market rate returns.

More than 2,200 academic studies over the past 40 years have analysed the relationship between environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors and corporate financial performance. According to a meta-study by Friede & Busch, more than 90% of them have found that ESG factors have a positive or neutral impact on financial returns.

It says:

“The results show that the business case for ESG investing is empirically very well founded.’’

And since 1990, the MSCI KLD 400 Social index, of companies with strong sustainability profiles, has outperformed the S&P 500, with annualised returns of 11.2% against 10.7%.

Impact investments are also now sufficiently widespread to be able to provide healthy portfolio diversification.

In 2005, Zakri Bello published a study 'Socially Responsible Investing and Portfolio Diversification'. He explained:

“I use a sample of socially responsible stock mutual funds matched to randomly selected conventional funds of similar net assets to investigate differences in characteristics of assets held, portfolio diversification, and variable effects of diversification on investment performance. I find that socially responsible funds do not differ significantly from conventional funds in terms of any of these attributes. Moreover, the effect of diversification on investment performance is not different between the two groups.’’

All this will have been made clear to the celebrities who are putting their money into impact investments. Their involvement is significant because it is an endorsement of the financial value of such investments, because they point to a growing involvement of younger generations in impact investing - and because they are important role models who will undoubtedly encourage others to follow suit.

Driving Growth.
Creating Value.
Delivering Impact.

Backed by

Growth Capital Ventures (GCV) is backed by funds managed by Maven Capital Partners, one of the UK’s leading private equity and alternative asset managers.